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Why Conserve Water

Conserve Water
Conserve Water
Water Pouring in Bucket

One of the main components that have made life possible on earth is water. All living creatures depend on water and unfortunately, the amount of this crucial element is now under threat. Despite earth being 71% of water, only 0.5% is available for drinking. This 0.5% is decreasing at a rapid rate and this calls every human to take necessary steps to conserve water.

Seeing the globe confuses a lot of people regarding the quantity of water. To clear the confusion of such people, here are some astonishing facts:

  • The major use of water is drinking and 97% of the earth’s water is not suitable for drinking. This 97% is categorized as salt water.
  • Only 3% of the earth’s water is considered fresh water.
  • As stated earlier, only 0.5% water is available for drinking.

These facts break the illusion of water that its ‘more than enough’. To further stress the point, here are some facts highlighting the immediate need for conserving water.

  • Currently more than 780 million people do not have access to clean drinking water.
  • The proportion of earth experiencing drought will likely increase by 5 times in next 30 years.
  • In the next 30 years, the agricultural water needs will rise by 19%. This is alarming rise, considering the rapid decrease in the amount of water already available.

Still not sure why should you save water? Here are some reasons why saving water will benefit you and your future generations.

Minimize the possibility of Drought

The facts mentioned above clearly state the possibility of water scarcity and drought conditions in a few decades if the consumption of water is not kept under check. The rise in water scarcity means, more percentage of earth’s population will be affected by water shortage. This will increase the number of deaths every year due to lack of water. So it wouldn’t be wrong to say that you can actually save a life by playing your part in saving water.

The Innumerous Effects

Water is not used for drinking only. It has innumerous effects and if the supply of water is not enough, humans will get affected in countless ways. For example, a considerable amount of water is used for agriculture every year. Since the demand for agricultural water is increasing, as mentioned above, there is a dire need to save enough water to meet that increase in demand. If not, humans will experience shortage of food as well. This will also affect the prices of food supplies and many other items that eventually link to consumption of water.

Makes Water Available for other Uses

As discussed above, water is not only used for drinking. It has multiple other purposes and if there’s a decrease in the supply of water, all these functions get affected. Many important organizations such as fire fighters, street cleaners and parks depend on ample supply of water. If the amount of water decreases, it will affect these organizations, which will eventually affect human lives.

Similarly, there are numerous other reasons why saving water is a matter of urgency and this is not something you can rely on your government for. It is time you play your role in conserving water.

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In 2050 the shortage of water will affect 7,000 million people

Every day thousands of children spend much of their time in the polluted waters of the rivers that cross the poorest countries of the planet. Many of them dip their feet in the muddy bottom to look for precious metals that then exchange for a few coins.

The real tragedy

This is highlighted in the report of the United Nations on the Development of Water Resources in the World, entitled Water for all, water for life, published on the eve of the World Water Forum (March 16 and 23) and World Day of Water, which takes place on the next day 22.

The real tragedy of this crisis is its effect on the daily life of poor people who suffer the burden of water-related diseases, living in degraded and often dangerous environments, struggling to earn a living and to meet their basic food needs. .

The origin of the crisis must not be traced back to nature itself, but to the management of water resources, essentially caused by the use of inadequate methods.

The report of the United Nations assures that it is a problem of attitude and behavior, mostly identifiable and identifiable problems.

And while this data opens a door to hope, the inertia of the leaders and the absence of a clear awareness of the magnitude of the problem on the part of the world population, prevent corrective measures from being carried out.

Acute water shortage

Only 2.53% of the total water on the planet is sweet and the rest is salty. Approximately two thirds of the fresh water is immobilized in glaciers and sheltered by perpetual snow.

On the other hand, freshwater resources are reduced by pollution. Some two million tons of waste are dumped daily in receiving waters, including industrial and chemical waste, human waste and agricultural waste (fertilizers, pesticides and pesticide residues).

As always, the poorest populations are the most affected, with 50% of the population in developing countries exposed to contaminated water sources.

Also, the most recent estimates suggest that climate change will be responsible for around 20% of the increase in global water scarcity.

Worrying data

In this regard it is considered that by 2050, seven billion human beings who will live in sixty countries, will suffer serious water shortages.

The report classifies 180 countries and territories according to the quantity and quality of water available – Kuwait, Gaza, the Arab Emirates, the Bahamas and Qatar are the ones with the greatest needs because they have the least reserves of drinking water per individual.

At the other extreme are Finland, Canada, French Guiana, Iceland, Guyana, Suriname and Congo-Kinshasa, all countries with the largest reserves of drinking water per individual.

Thus, among all the objectives that the different international bodies have established in recent years – the Millennium Development Goals for 2015, adopted by the United Nations Summit in 2000, for example – many of them have placed the water problem in a preferred location.

In this regard, the March 2000 The Hague Ministerial Declaration approved a series of challenges as a basis for future action.

First challenge

The first of these aims to satisfy basic human needs, since water-related ailments are one of the most common causes of illness and death among the poor in developing countries. The statistics speak for themselves.

In 2000, the mortality rate estimated only by diarrheas related to the lack of water sanitation systems was 2,213 million people. The majority of those affected by water-related mortality and morbidity are children under the age of five.

Another fact: 1,100 million people currently lack the necessary facilities to obtain water and 2,400 million do not have access to sanitation systems. The measures to be implemented to reverse this situation are not complicated or burdensome, but they require a considerable political reorientation.

Second challenge

The second challenge seeks to protect ecosystems, and water is an essential part of every ecosystem.

And there is no doubt that continental aquatic ecosystems present serious problems.

The flow of around 60% of the largest rivers in the world has been interrupted by some hydraulic structure.

Third challenge

The divergent needs of the urban environment constitute the third issue raised. According to the estimates of international organizations, 48% of the current world population lives in towns and cities.